This lagoon is one of the largest bodies of freshwater con southwest England and the distretto has long been a popular destination for naturalists.
The Ley itself is split into two, the Higher Ley above the bridge is now almost entirely a reedbed with encroaching willow scrub while the Lower Ley is open ciotola fringed by reeds lovingwomen.org vista.
The leys are separated from the sea of Via Bay by per narrow shingle ridge along which runs the A379 and the landward side of this has dense bramble and blackthorn scrub.
The leys have important populations of breeding birds including Cetti’s Warbler and this is one of the national strongholds of this species. The reparto holds verso few breeding Cirl Bunting, also possible from Slapton Bridge but also verso little way inland.
Durante accessit, the area attracts per wide range of passage birds and wintering waterfowl con some numbers. More than 230 species have been recorded.
As well as Cetti’s Warbler the reedbeds have good populations of Reed Warbler and Sedge Warbler, and Grasshopper Warbler, Blackcap, Common Chiffchaff and other warblers breed con the surrounding scrub and woodland.
Great Crested Grebe nests on the Lower Ley and Gadwall, Grey Heron and Tazza Rail can be seen all year.
Common Buzzard, Eurasian Sparrowhawk, Tawny Owl and Barn Owl are resident per the Slapton distretto and can be seen around the Ley.
The cliffs nearby have breeding Northern Fulmar, Shag, Great Cormorant and Great Black-backed Gull and these species can often be seen in Start Bay, sometimes on the Ley itself.
Passage periods bring a wide variety of visitors onesto the sezione. Gulls, including Kittiwake, gather in large numbers and there are usually small numbers of Little Gull and Mediterranean Gull puro be found. Toast Tern and other terns pass through the area and Black Tern is regular mediante autumn. Northern Gannet, skuas and shearwaters including Sooty Shearwater can be seen offshore and strong winds may be result durante a Sabine’s Gull or one or two phalaropes being pushed close puro shore.
Marsh Harrier, Osprey and Northern Divertimento are regular passage visitors. Garganey appears mediante spring and occasional pairs have stayed esatto breed. The Ley also attracts large numbers of passerine migrants and especially hirundines which gather mediante huge flocks prior preciso migration.
Winter sees the arrival of ducks, particularly Tufted Duck and Common Pochard but also Common Goldeneye, one or two Long-tailed Duck often visit the lake and various seaducks appear offshore. Ruddy Duck has begun to appear more often con winter and small numbers of dabbling duck occur.
Grebes occur on passage and in winter and can include Slavonian Grebe and Black-necked Grebe and divers of all three species are regular offshore, sometimes occurring on the lake after storms. One or two Bittern turn up most winters and extended spring stays mediante recent years have led onesto hopes of breeding.
Blackcap and Common Chiffchaff are regular wintering birds per this dipartimento and small numbers of Common Firecrest are usually present. On the lake Common Kingfisher and Bearded Tit can be seen per the winter.
Durante recent years Otter Lutra lutra has become more frequently recorded at Slapton and watching from the bridge early in the morning provides the best chance of seeing one. Bear per mind though, that the introduced American Mink Neovison vison is well-established durante the area.
The insects of Slapton Ley have been well-studied and dragonflies and damselflies are particularly well-represented. Migrant Hawker Aeshna mixta and Hairy Dragonfly Brachytryon pratense can be found as well as Downy Emerald Cordulia aenea and Southern Damselfly Coenagrion mercuriale. Jersey Tiger Moth is another local speciality.
Botanists can find much of interest on the shingle ridge between the sea and the freshwater with species such as Sea Radish Raphanus raphanistrum maritimus, Ray’s Knotgrass Polygonum oxyspermum, Yellow Horned Poppy Glaucium flavum, Shore Emporio Rumex rupestris and Viper’s Bugloss Echium vulgare.
The lake and its margins have White Water Lily Nymphaea origine, Spiked Ciotola Milfoil Myriophyllum spicatum, Shoreweed Littorella uniflora, Flowering Rush Butomus umbellatus and Slapton’s most famous plant, Strapwort Corrigiola litoralis, which is found nowhere else mediante Britain.
Areas of Interest
There is a smaller Ley sicuro the south at Beesands, reached by minor roads inizio Stokenham, which is often worth viewing but more importantly, the small valley here may still hold Cirl Bunting, now one of Britain’s most threatened breeding birds.
Access and Facilities
There are several excellent spots durante this sezione but one of the best ways puro explore the ley is sicuro park con the beach car park and walk onesto the bridge between the two leys. Just past the bridge is per footpath esatto the left which passes per small hut where verso logbook of recent sightings is kept. Keep following the path along the shore at the northern end of the lake and then across farmland to join the road close sicuro the Field Centre. From here follow the road down esatto the bridge and back sicuro the beach.
With per permit from the Field Centre it is possible onesto explore the settore more fully, notably along the back of both the Higher and Lower Leys and adjoining woodlands. There are hides at the southern end of the Lower Ley, one at Torcross and another on the opposite bank reached from the A379.
Slapton village has per campsite and there is a carrozzone site at Beesands just south of Torcross at the southern end of the Lower Ley. Alternatively, most of the towns and villages con this picturesque dipartimento offer guest house, hotel or Bed and Desinare accommodation.